The Two Houses
Of Israel: An Introduction To Bible Prophecy
(Continued from first page Introduction)
The parable of the two sticks in Ezekiel
37:15-30 reveals that the coming reunion of the two houses will occur
only at the end of the present age, just before the last great battle
described in chapter 38. Similarly, it is when “the earth shall
be full of the knowledge of the Lord, as the waters cover the sea,” that “the outcasts
of Israel” and “the dispersed of Judah” are
gathered together “from the four corners of
the earth.” (Isa. 11: 9, 11, 13) Some say
that they were reunited in the land of Assyria shortly after their captivity
began. If so, how can the separate sets of latter day promises be fulfilled
to Judah and Israel if they were reunited 2700 years ago? Instead, we
are told that they would be rejoined when they had “One
Shepherd,” David’s Greater Son, the Messiah (Ezek.
37:24; John 11:51-52), which must await the full conversion of Judah
to Jesus Christ. Given this future time frame, the reunion could not
yet have fully occurred. This book presents much additional evidence
that the houses of Israel and Judah are still separate nations and peoples
in our world today, and clearly identifies the “lost
sheep of the house of Israel.” (Matthew
Indeed, there are many clues to the identity of lost Israel from both the Bible and history. The Apocrypha tells us that they were conquered by Assyria and dispersed to an uninhabited land, “where never mankind dwelt” (2 Esdras 13:40-48), a good description of uninhabited Europe of that day. Isaiah 62:2 says that they would have “a new name.” They would become “a company of nations” (Gen. 17:5), “many nations” (Gen. 35:11), and would take the gospel “to the ends of the earth” (Isaiah 49:6). In fact, Ezekiel tells us that the dispersion of the house of Israel was God’s way of purifying this people: “I will scatter you among the nations and disperse you through the countries, and I will consume your uncleanness out of you.” (Ezek. 22:15) They would have a new land, a new heart, a new Spirit, and a New Covenant. (2 Sam. 7:10, Ezek. 36:24-26, Jer. 31:31) The result would be that God would use them to set right the earth. (Isa. 42:3-7) Who could this people be in our modern world? The Bible gives us many clues, including the heraldic emblems associated with each of the tribes of Israel in Genesis 48 and Deuteronomy 33. In his book, Symbols Of Our Celto-Saxon Heritage, Mr. W.H. Bennett presented extensive full colour evidence identifying these tribes with several modern nations of Europe.
The details in our cover painting also help to tell the story of these “lost sheep” in our world today. The soldier in the foreground wears brightly colored clothing, which was favored by the people popularly called Scythian, the Greek form of the Medo-Persian word, Saka. A later form of the word is “Saxon,” from the Medo-Persian, “Saca-Suni,” or ‘Sons of the Saca.’ In his book, The Story Of Celto-Saxon Israel, Mr. W.H. Bennett provides scholarly evidence of the origin of the words, Scythian, Saka, or Saxon in the word, Isaac. The soldier’s colorful clothing reminds us of the Patriarch Joseph’s famous “coat of many colours” referred to in Genesis 37:3, 23, and 32. The origin and inspiration of the famous Scottish Tartan patterns may also date back to Joseph. Indeed, the word, ‘tartan,’ itself was a Semitic term for a military official or captain of a host. (2 Ki. 18:17; Isa. 20:1)
In the soldier’s belt is a battle-axe, an identifying mark of Israel, the nation called in Scripture, “God’s battle-axe.”
Jeremiah 51:20 says: “Thou art my battle axe and weapons of war: for with thee will I break in pieces the nations, and with thee will I destroy kingdoms.”
Other Biblical prophets echo this prophecy:
“Thus shall they be taking captive their captors, and shall tread down their oppressors.” (Isa. 14:2)
“Behold, I will make thee a new sharp threshing instrument, having teeth: thou shalt thresh the mountains [large nations], and beat them small, and shalt make the hills [small nations] as chaff.” (Isa. 41:15)
“Arise and thresh, O daughter of Zion, for I will make your horns of iron, and your hoofs of brass, and you shall beat in pieces many peoples…” (Micah 4:13)
The battle-axe — a symbol of Israel — also symbolized their descendants, the ‘Saka,’ or ‘Saxons,’ exactly as the prophets foretold. Remarkably, it was only during the time of Israel’s defeat and dispersion by the Assyrians and Babylonians, when the future looked darkest, that these prophecies of victorious military conquests were given by Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Micah! Clearly, the story of Ephraim-Israel did not end with the 8th century, B.C. destruction of the Northern Kingdom and its capital, Samaria, but prophecy was fulfilled in succeeding centuries in the form of ‘Scythian’ tribal victories in Asia and Europe.
Mountains in prophecy signify large nations, and hills are small nations. Is there evidence that these Hebrew Saka-Scythians overthrew large kingdoms? The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia tells of Assyria’s last days: “In 1923 the British Museum published a newly discovered Babylonian chronicle giving a detailed description of the events which transpired… [in] Assyria’s last days. We learn from it that… the Chaldeans were combined with the Medes and with the Scythians, [who were] an important factor in the weakening of Assyria; that…in 612… proud Nineveh fell before an assault of the Medes, who were aided by Nabopolassar and a contingent of Scythians…” (I:566-567) Yes, the SAKA-Scythians, or house of Isaac, played a prominent part in the overthrow of the Assyrian Empire, and other kingdoms as well.
Despite such conquests, they found themselves moving ever westward through the centuries, for God foretold that He would, “let the blessing come upon the head of Joseph… his horns are like the horns of unicorns: with them he shall push the people together to the ends of the earth.” (Deut. 33:16-17) Joseph is an important tribe of the house of Israel whose heraldry is now found in Britain, and the ‘ends of the earth’ is a fitting symbol for Western Europe at the bounds of the Atlantic Ocean.
Famous respected Bible scholar, Dr. James Augustus Strong, compiler of Strong’s Concordance and other works, made this statement, “The larger proportion of the Ten Tribes… were, in a state more or less pure, propagated to distant regions by the great national migrations proceeding from Central Asia.” (McClintock and Strong’s Cyclopedia, X:545) These great national migrations were from Asia westward, and included the Mongols, Huns, Slavs, and other tribes who pushed, or were pushed by, the lost tribes of Israel into Europe. Dr. Strong’s comments indicate that the house of Israel fled from Assyria northward through the Caucasus Mountains, where they were caught up in the westward migration of peoples and settled in Europe. Memories of their former homeland in the Mid-East were not entirely forgotten, for the famous Roman geographer and historian, Pliny (Natural History, book 4) recorded the Saka-Scythian statement that they were “descended from slaves.” The Israelites, of course, were slaves in Egypt, and captives in the land of Assyria, as well. If these SAKA were not Israelites, then to what ancestral captivity were they referring? As these tribes migrated across Europe to the Baltic Sea, Pliny records that in their language, “the name for it is Morimarusa, that is, [the] ‘Dead Sea.’”[ibid.]The Baltic Sea, being connected with the Atlantic Ocean, is very salty like the Dead Sea of Palestine; but it is teeming with life and far from dead. They obviously carried with them knowledge of an ancestral dwelling near a salty body of water called the Dead Sea. They would not have named the Baltic after the Dead Sea of ancient Israel unless they were Israelites. In fact, early Greek historian, Herodotus, recorded in his History (4:76) that one of the Scythian kings was named “Saulius,” evidently named after the first Hebrew king, Saul.(I Sam. 9)
On the soldier’s head is a distinctive high-peaked hat that Harper’s Bible Dictionary (“dress” p.227) depicts as an important part of the “Hebrew royal attire.” It is called a “miter,” and was worn by the Israelite high priests. (Ex.28:37) Herodotus recorded in his History (7:64) that, “The Sacae, who are Scythians, have high caps tapering to a point and stiffly upright...” This style hat is found on the Behistun Rock, where Scythian king Skunka is depicted wearing it. The Cambridge History Of Iran, [vol.3:2:913] states, “We furthermore have some stories about Jewish officials bearing Parthian names, Arda, Arta, and Pyl-y Barish, who had a mounted retinue of troops and wore high hats.” In Europe of later centuries, it became known as a “Wizard’s Cap,” often with the depiction of a half-moon, the symbol of Mohammedanism. Far from being of Muslim origin, the moon symbol apparently denotes the eastern origin of this ancestral clothing.
Other distinctive dress of the early European Scythian tribes included “polychrome” enameled jewelry, which is known to have originated in Medo-Persia where the Israelite lost tribes were resettled by Assyria.Russian archaeologist, Michael Rostovtzeff said,“The style as such develops in the East, in Iranian lands, as we see from the Oxus and Susa treasures.” (Iranians and Greeks in South Russia, pp. 173-4) A book on Persian art shows an ancient Persian breastpin, displaying the intricate interloped pattern that has come to be associated with the Celtic peoples.
The horses depicted are of a strong, stocky short-legged breed that is now extinct, except for some mixed descendants that are found today in Spain. These horses were multi-use, for although they had some oxen, they also used horses in a variety of capacities. In fact, according to Hebrew scholar, Dr. Isaac E. Mozeson, our English word, horse, itself comes from the Hebrew word, Horesh, meaning to plow. [Radio interview on ‘Southwest Radio Church’ broadcast] These horses were well adapted for the rough and mountainous terrain that was the scene of their travels.
The ancient Greek historian, Herodotus (Bk. 4), tells us that the Scythians traveled with their wives, children, and belongings in covered wagons, perhaps presenting a picture reminiscent of the early American pioneers in their famous ‘Conestoga Wagons’ on the Western frontier. Viewing the picture above, in the far distance a Scythian wagon train is dwarfed beneath the towering Caucasus Mountains.
The region south of the Caucasus exhibits a somewhat dry sandy and rocky soil, with wild grasses and scrub brush dotting the landscape. North of the Caucasus, however, was the fertile region of the present Ukraine, the ‘bread basket’ of the ancient world. Historians tell us that the Scythians sold tremendous amounts of grain each year to Greece and other Mediterranean nations whose soil was poorer.
A fascinating description of the Caucasian Cambria, or Crimea, was given by historian R.W. Morgan in the mid-19th century. He says, “It is still what [historians] describe it as being 3500 years ago; the East of it covered by salt-lagoons; a large portion occupied by the Sivash or Putrid Sea; the rest composed of spits, reefs, and sand banks. The Southern part, which they called the Summer Land... is the Naples of the Russian Empire. ‘The weather,’ writes the Times’ correspondent, from the Crimea, June 16th, 1855, ‘is hot on the low-grounds, desperately hot, and even in the heights, the thermometer within doors ranges above 90 degrees in the daytime... but almost every day there are some hours of cool breezethat sets in at 9 o’clock and holds on till 3 or 4. You descend amid waving grasses, giant thistles, and regaled by the fragrance of a thousand flowers. Diverge an instant from the path, and you trample upon vetches and lupins, convulvulus and poppies, geraniums and wild flowers, with innumerable other blossoms of the rank and file.’” (Cambrian History, p. 20)
The Caucasus Mountains soared thousands of feet above sea level, causing some historians to suppose that they were impassible. To the contrary, these peaks were traversed many times by both Scythian and Persian. A ‘Daryal Pass’ valley route sometimes called, “the Pass of Israel,” is clearly marked out in red in the Cambridge History Of Iran, (vol. 3:I:522); it was a favorite passage-way to Europe from the Mid-East.
There are many evidences of Hebrews in the Caucasus. The Jewish Encyclopedia states, “..the Caucasus Jews claim to be descendents of the Lost Ten Tribes of Israel… the Georgians are equally certain of their descent from the Israelites who were taken from Palestine by Shalmanesar [726-722 B.C.].” (III:628) Do we have any proof that Hebrews were in the Caucasus and that they were in fact lost tribes of the house of Israel? The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia carries a fascinating article documenting the early presence of Hebrews in the Caucasus Mountains. It states, “The first immigration of [Israelites] into the Trans-Caucasus (supposed… to have taken place in the 7th century, B.C.E., during the reign of the Assyrian kings) is recounted in ancient Armenian and Georgian chronicles. According to these chronicles, [Israel] arrived in these regions as early as the beginning of the 6th century, B.C.E. The first arrivals were probably free merchants, while the later partly came as captives…” (VIII:26) What Israelites were in captivity in the 6th and 7th centuries, B.C.? These were the lost ten tribes of the house of Israel, found in the Caucasus Mountains of Eastern Europe a few short years after their dispersion, according to the ancient Armenian and Georgian Chronicles.It is also significant that the Caucasus Mountain nation we call, ‘Georgia,’ is known to its inhabitants by its native name of ‘Sakartvelo,’ and another early town there is called, ‘Sachkhere,’ perhaps revealing the presence of the ‘Saka’ in that region in early times.
The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia continues, “tombstones were discovered, dating from the 4th to 5th centuries, one of them bearing an inscription in Aramaic.” (VIII:26) Aramaic was the language of the region of Halah and Habor, where Assyria settled many of the captive Israelites. Several of these tombstones, from a Hebrew graveyard in the Crimea, north of the Caucasus, were translated in the Transactions of the Society of Biblical Archaeology in 1874. One read, “This is the tombstone of BUKI, the son of Isaac the priest; may his rest be in Eden, at the time of the salvation ofIsrael. In the year 702 of the years of our exile.” This tombstone dates to 6 A.D., during the time of Christ. Three such tombstones are reproduced on page 14.
The Scythian soldier is shown carrying a banner with a rampant red lion, the emblem of the tribe of Judah. Many Judahites were captured, along with the ten tribes of the house of Israel, at the time of the Assyrian conquest.
Second Kings 18:13 records: “Now in the fourteenth year of king Hezekiah did Sennacherib king of Assyria come up against all the fenced cities of Judah, and took them.” This conquest included major cities of Judah such as Lachish (2 Chronicles 32:9), depicted on the Assyrian wall carving below. Only Jerusalem was spared the Assyrian conquest, so members of both the house of Israel and house of Judah were taken into captivity. Is it coincidence that the royal banner of England shows two symbols, the lion and the stag (or unicorn), the emblems of both of the houses of Israel and Judah? Yet a significant number of Judah were spared Assyrian conquest, to be used of God as His Sanctuary (Psa. 114:2) and be reunited completely with their brethren of the ten tribes at the end of the age.
Until that day arrives, we have God’s sure Promise, “For thus saith the LORD; David shall never want a man to sit upon the throne of the house of Israel.” (Jer. 33:17) Somewhere in the world, David’s descendants have reigned in an unbroken succession throughout subsequent centuries. The land of Canaan in Palestine became a virtually uninhabited wasteland after the Assyrian and Babylonian conquests, so it is certain that this prophecy was not fulfilled there. Instead, we saw that many of the tribe of Judah were exiled with the house of Israel, so David’s descendants may indeed have reigned with the ten tribes in new homelands. The poor rocky soil of the Caucasus would have caused most of them to continue north into lands beyond. Where could David’s descendants have reigned over the house of Israel except in Europe?
That Israel migrated northwestward from Palestine through the Caucasus and into Europe, either in whole or in part, is not a new theory. Numerous historians have noted for centuries the solid evidence to support it. As an example, renowned Celtic scholar Edwin Guest, in his 1883 study, Origines Celticae (i.e., ‘The Origins of the Celts’) had this to say of the tribes who migrated into Europe in early times: “I think there is reason to believe that Shemitic races were mixed up in the great movement of peoples we have been discussing.” (p. 226, emphasis his own) The real question therefore is not whether Hebrew tribes migrated to early Europe (the evidence indicates that they did), but instead, what percentage of Europeans are of Hebrew descent? The information gathered in these pages shows it to be significant in many parts of Europe.
The evidence abounds. Join us now on this exciting journey as we learn more about Israel and the prophecies.
-adapted from the introduction to the book, “The Story Of Celto-Saxon Israel,” published by The Servant People, and available at our booksite: http://www.migrations.info.